SUMMER PY1

PS 714 Biochemistry with Lab Credits: 5 Prerequisites: None

This course provides students with a review of functional groups, their properties and function in important biological molecules and drug substances. The structure, physical and chemical properties, biological functions, applicable kinetics, and the metabolic fate of molecules essential to life will be covered with an emphasis on application to pharmaceutical, medical and clinical uses. The laboratory component of the course will provide students ‘hands-on’ experience with contemporary research equipment and techniques for making biochemical measurements, which are also commonly employed in clinical chemistry.

CS 712 Patient Care Process: Health and Drug Information Credits: 3 Prerequisites: None

This course will introduce the fundamental concepts of the Pharmacist’ Patient Care Process (PPCP) and systematic approach to drug information and literature evaluation. The commonly used drug information resources that are available both in print and electronically will be discussed. Students will begin learning about the top 300 drugs. This course will use active learning strategies to help students learn important drug information skills.

PS 715 Pharmaceutical Calculations Credits: 3 Prerequisites: None

Students will be taught to perform accurate compounding and dosage calculations for solid and liquid dosage forms, injectable medications, and extemporaneously compounded prescription products to ensure the safety and efficacy of patients’ therapy.

AS 736 Professional Communications Credits: 3 Prerequisites: None

This course is designed to introduce the concepts and principles of interpersonal and professional communication and the strategies for effective communication with patients and other healthcare providers. Communication skills that will be covered in this course include: motivational interviewing, listening, nonverbal communication, addressing patients’ needs and preferences, and assertive communication. In addition, the role of health literacy, cultural influences on communication of health information is explored.

AS 723 Pharmacy and US Healthcare Systems Credits: 2 Prerequisites: None

This course will introduce students to the historical evolution of pharmacy practice in the United States, services within various medication use systems, and the basic principles of patient care in different pharmacy practice settings including community and hospital. The course will also introduce roles of the pharmacists in public health, medication-patient safety, and medication therapy management. In addition, organizational and economic aspects of healthcare delivery will be discussed.

AS 716 Judeo-Christian Values in Patient Care-Old Testament I Credits: 1 Prerequisites: None

The course series will introduce pharmacy as a ministry of the healing arts and sciences, with a spiritual basis to the approach of contemporary patient care. Also covered are various Christian values, including love and compassion, in providing direct patient care through the study of Biblical principles. The fruits of the spirit will be discussed to empower inter-professional practice.

FALL PY1

PS 731 Immunology & Medical Microbiology Credits: 3 Prerequisites: PS 714

This course provides a fundamental background for the human immune system and medical microbiology. Topics covered include bacterial, viral, and fungal pathogens and parasites; composition and function of the human immune system; responses of the immune system to pathogens and parasites, injury and disease; disorders of the immune system; tumor immunology; transplantation rejection; and clinical application of immunology including therapeutic antibodies, vaccines, and diagnostic tools.

CS 713 Self-Care Pharmacotherapy and Alternative Therapy Credits: 4 Prerequisites: CS 712, CS 723, CS 736

This course discusses the concept of self-care and provides an in-depth review of over-the-counter (OTC) medications and OTC point-of-care testing devices. Students will learn how to provide counseling and recommendations regarding self-care to the public. This course also provides students with the basic knowledge of common clinical laboratory values, diagnostic tests, and the influences of common disease states. Students will learn about interpretation of lab values (including therapeutic drug concentrations) and implications for direct patient care. Students will also be trained on immunization techniques and will be immunization certified through the APhA Immunization Certification Program.

PS 722 Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics with Lab Credits: 5 Prerequisites: PS 715

This course discusses the biological, biotechnological, and physicochemical principles of dosage forms of different drugs. The course will present the principles of drug delivery via dosage forms and principles of dosage form stability and drug degradation in dosage forms is addressed. A focus on the different materials and methods used in preparation and use of dosage forms will conclude the course. The laboratory component will provide students with the opportunity to apply classroom knowledge.

AS 711 Professional Ethics Credits: 2 Prerequisites: AS 716

The course will discuss the principles of professional behavior, ethical issues in patient care and teamwork, conflicts of interest, delivery of patient-centered care, and end-of-life care from a contemporary perspective. The course will also introduce California state Board of Pharmacy regulations.

PS 744 Medical Illustration I Credits: 3 Prerequisites: None

This interprofessional education course provides pharmacy and nursing students an introduction to art as a form of visual communication. The focus will be on the fundamentals and theory of drawing techniques with techniques especially on anatomical objects. The course will enable students to apply a unique mix of skill in project management, understanding of science and breaking medical technologies. Students will also learn communication and teamwork skills essential for functioning as a member of an interprofessional team.

AS 726 Judeo-Christian Values in Patient Care-Old Testament II Credits: 1 Prerequisites: AS 716

The course series will introduce pharmacy as a ministry of the healing arts and sciences, with a spiritual basis to the approach of contemporary patient care. Also covered are various Christian values, including love and compassion, in providing direct patient care through the study of Biblical principles. The fruits of the spirit will be discussed to empower inter-professional practice.

WINTER PY1

PS 741 Pathophysiology Credits: 3 Prerequisites: PS 714, PS 731

This course is designed to teach pharmacy students the principles of pathophysiological concepts and clinical practice guidelines for disease states and their interpretation in the clinical setting. This course emphasizes the pathological changes of the organ and cellular physiology which necessitates pharmacist intervention. The course examines the molecular, cellular, tissue, and organ-level basis of the pathophysiological changes leading to human diseases.

PS 743 Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry Credits: 3 Prerequisites: PS 714

This course introduces foundational concepts in medicinal chemistry leading to students understanding of drug structure-activity relationships, physicochemical properties related to drug action, drug-target interactions, chemical aspects of drug metabolism, and medicinal chemistry of autonomic drugs.

CS 724 Pharmacy Practice: Medication Use Systems Management Credits: 3 Prerequisites: CS 712, AS 723

This course provides an overview of the roles and responsibilities of a pharmacist in general and in various practice settings that involves dispensing, distribution and administration. This course provides knowledge about preparation and dispensing of prescriptions, development and maintenance of patient medication profiles, identification and prevention of medication errors. The importance of leadership and professional development in these processes will be discussed.

CS 734 Physical Assessment with Lab Credits: 2 Prerequisites: CS 713

This interprofessional education course introduces pharmacy and nursing students to methods for obtaining a comprehensive patient history, basic assessment techniques, medical terminology, and how to recognize abnormal findings, and how to triage and refer patients. This course will help students develop communication and teamwork skills essential for functioning as a member of an interprofessional team.

AS 854 Medical Illustration II Credits: 3 Prerequisites: PS 744

This interprofessional course is a continuation of Medical Illustration I which will introduce pharmacy and nursing students to art as a form of visual communication. The focus will be on the fundamentals and theory of drawing techniques with techniques especially on anatomical objects. The course will enable students to apply a unique mix of skill in project management, understanding of science and breaking medical technologies. Students will develop communication and teamwork skills essential for functioning as a member of an interprofessional team.

AS 737 Judeo-Christian Ethics-Old Testament III Credits: 1 Prerequisite: AS 726

The course will explain the principles of behavior and ethics dealing with individual conflict of interest, delivery of patient-centered care, and teamwork relevant to contemporary pharmacy practice from a Biblical perspective.

PS 742 Introduction to Pharmacology and Toxicology Credits: 4 Prerequisites: PS 714, PS 741, PS 743

This course will provide students with the foundational scientific knowledge pertaining to drug action. The conceptual understanding of the pharmacodynamic principles, receptor theory, drug-receptor interactions, drug metabolism, principles of drug toxicity and drug-drug interaction will form the basis of understanding of patient-directed therapeutic approaches that will be covered in subsequent Integrated Therapeutic course series. Students will also be introduced to the basis of the autonomic nervous system and pharmacology of autonomic drugs.

SPRING PY1

PS 735 Extemporaneous & Sterile Compounding with Lab Credits: 3 Prerequisites: PS 715, PS 722

This course discusses the drug policy in US Pharmacopoeia guidance on compounding and FDA Compliance Policy Guidelines including techniques and principles used to prepare and dispense individual extemporaneous prescriptions, including dating of compounded dosage forms. The laboratory component will provide students with the opportunity to apply classroom knowledge.

PS 725 Natural Products Credits: 2 Prerequisites: PS 714, PS 743

This course describes the concepts of crude drugs, semi-purified, and purified natural products and variability of occurrence of pharmacologically active substances in natural products. The course will enable students to conceptualize the functional role of dietary supplements and alternative medical treatments in modern day medicine.

PS 733 Basic Pharmacokinetics Credits: 3 Prerequisites: PS 722, PS 742

This course is an introduction to basic principles of in vivo drug kinetics (linear and nonlinear) including: principles of bioavailability/bioequivalence, physiologic determinates of drug onset and duration, drug, disease, and dietary influences on absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion and the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic interface.

AS 745 Biostatistics and Research Design Credits: 3 Prerequisites: CS 712

The goal of this course is to develop students’ ability to critically appraise original research in primary literature so that they can make evidence-based decisions regarding patient care. The course covers probability theory, and applications of descriptive statistics and inferential statistical testing in clinical settings. Multivariate methods of inference, such as regression, power, and sample size are introduced, as well as ways to review the literature systematically. Additionally, the course also covers methodologies to research design in epidemiology and the ethical dimensions.

EE 746 IPPE I – Community Credits: 2 Prerequisites: AS 736, PS 715, CS 712

The Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience I (IPPE I)- Community provides students with experience in contemporary pharmacy practice in community pharmacy settings under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist. Students will be able to build upon and apply their foundational knowledge and skills gained from didactic courses such as professional communications, patient counseling, patient self-care, drug information retrieval, pharmaceutical calculations, and immunization delivery to community pharmacy practice. Through a combination of observation and direct participation, students will gain experience in prescription processing, preparation/filling of prescriptions, inventory control, pharmacy operations and management, and compliance with regulatory requirements. Within this practice setting, students will also observe and practice professional ethics and behaviors.

AS 747 Judeo-Christian Leadership-Old Testament IV Credits: 1 Prerequisites: AS 737

The course will develop skills for pharmacy practice leadership, resource management (including operational and managerial issues), and teamwork relevant to contemporary pharmacy practice from a Biblical perspective.

PS 721 Pharmacogenomics and Genetics Credits: 2 Prerequisites: PS 731, PS 742

This course introduces the students to genetic basis for disease and drug action, the genetic basis for alterations of drug metabolism (e.g., poor vs normal metabolizers) and transport, and genetic basis for individualized drug doses and chronopharmacotherapy. The course discusses the role of pharmacogenomics in the development of diseases of high socioeconomical impact and in the pharmacotherapeutic efficacy of drugs used in these diseases.

SUMMER PY2

CS 732 Health Informatics and Patient Safety Credits: 2 Prerequisites: AS 723

This course will introduce students to the use of technology for organizing, analyzing, and managing information in health care settings. Students will get a better understanding of the roles of pharmacists in implementation, maintenance and use of informatics in the hospital settings (e.g. Electronic Health Record [EHR], Computerized Prescriber Order Entry [CPOE], and Barcode Medication Administration [BCMA]). Patient safety as well as benefits and current constraints of these systems will be explored. Systems in place to maintain confidentiality of health information in accordance with federal policies will also be discussed.

CS 851 Integrated Pharmacotherapy I: Fluid, Electrolytes and Hematology with Lab Credits: 5 Prerequisites: PS 742, PS 743

This course horizontally integrates pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, clinical pharmacokinetics, and pharmacotherapeutics concepts related to fluid and electrolyte imbalance and hematological disorders. Through this integrated approach of learning, students will be able to apply knowledge of the basic sciences and clinical sciences to the management of patients with a fluid and electrolyte imbalance or hematological disorder. The laboratory section of the course will involve recitation with case discussions.

CS 852 Integrated Pharmacotherapy II: Cardiology with Lab Credits: 5 Prerequisites: PS 742, PS 743

This course horizontally integrates pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, clinical pharmacokinetics, and pharmacotherapeutics concepts related to cardiovascular diseases. The pathophysiology of a particular disease condition will be discussed, followed by the respective drugs or drug classes emphasizing structure-activity relationship, mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacological actions on various organ systems, toxicity profiles, contraindications, and drug-drug interactions. Pharmacotherapeutics will be taught in a sequential and integrative manner to link concepts of medicinal chemistry coupled with the pharmacology of the drugs used in the corresponding disease. Through this integrated approach of learning, students will be able to apply knowledge of the basic sciences and clinical sciences to the management of patients with a cardiovascular disease. The laboratory section of the course will involve recitation with case discussions.

EE 855 IPPE II – Hospital Credits: 2 Prerequisites: EE 746

The Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience II (IPPE II)-Hospital provides students with experience in contemporary pharmacy practice in hospital settings under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist. This course builds upon students’ foundational knowledge and skills gained from didactic courses as well as previous IPPE course. Through a combination of observation and direct participation, students will gain experience in accurate medication order processing, demonstrate knowledge in unit dose and intravenous admixture systems, sterile IV medication compounding, medication procurement, medication distribution systems, monitoring of drug therapy, and medication safety. Students will also learn the role of organizations such as Joint Commission and regulatory agencies such as State Board of Pharmacy, Pharmacy and Therapeutics (P&T) Committee, and IT infrastructure including automated dispensing systems, electronic medical record, and computerized prescriber order entry. Within this practice setting, students will also observe and practice professional ethics and behaviors.

AS 912 Pharmacoeconomics Credits: 2 Prerequisites: AS 745

This course introduces students to the basic concepts, terminology, and applications of pharmacoeconomics and its usefulness in making informed decision in health care. Students will learn types of outcome evaluation and outcome measures, the appropriate uses and applicability of cost-of-illness, cost-minimization, cost-effectiveness, cost-benefit, cost-utility, and decision analyses. Emphasis is placed upon the reading, interpretation, and critical evaluation of different types of published pharmacoeconomic studies in the medical literature.

AS 856 Judeo-Christian Values in Patient Care-New Testament I Credits: 1 Prerequisites: None

The course series will introduce pharmacy as a ministry of the healing arts and sciences, with a spiritual basis to the approach of contemporary patient care. Also covered are various Christian values, including love and compassion, in providing direct patient care through the study of Biblical principles. The fruits of the spirit will be discussed to empower inter-professional practice.

FALL PY2

AS 863 Epidemiology, Public Health and Policy Credits: 3 Prerequisites: AS 745

This course is designed to introduce students to the basic principles of public health with an emphasis on health promotion and disease prevention with an emphasis on the role of pharmacists in public health. Students will learn area of epidemiology, determinants of health, and how the epidemiology of diseases differs based on race, gender, and geography. This course also teaches the students to advocate for patients and the profession in health care policy.

AS 864 Pharmacy Practice Management Credits: 2 Prerequisites: AS 912, CS 724

Students will learn about practice management in different settings. Additionally, students will learn the essentials for practice settings that include operations, human resources, finances, marketing, logistics, risk management, and development of innovative pharmacy care services. The course will also focus on managerial responsibilities in the health care settings.

CS 861 Integrated Pharmacotherapy III: Pulmonary and Nephrology with Lab Credits: 5 Prerequisites: PS 742, PS 743

This course horizontally integrates pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, clinical pharmacokinetics, and pharmacotherapeutics concepts related to pulmonary and nephrology diseases. The pathophysiology of specific disease conditions will be discussed, followed by the respective drugs or drug classes emphasizing structure-activity relationship, mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacological actions on various organ systems, toxicity profiles, contraindications, and drug-drug interactions.

Pharmacotherapeutics will be taught in a sequential and integrative manner to link concepts of medicinal chemistry coupled with the pharmacology of the drugs used in the corresponding disease. Through this integrated approach of learning, students will be able to apply knowledge of the basic sciences and clinical sciences to the management of patients with pulmonary and/or nephrology disease. The laboratory section of the course will involve recitation with case discussions.

CS 862 Integrated Pharmacotherapy IV: Gastroenterology and Endocrinology with Lab Credits: 5 Prerequisites: PS 742, PS 743

This course horizontally integrates pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, clinical pharmacokinetics, and pharmacotherapeutics concepts related to gastroenterological or endocrinological disorders. The pathophysiology of specific disease conditions will be discussed, followed by the respective drugs or drug classes emphasizing structure-activity relationship, mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacological actions on various organ systems, toxicity profiles, contraindications, and drug-drug interactions. Pharmacotherapeutics will be taught in a sequential and integrative manner to link concepts of medicinal chemistry coupled with the pharmacology of the drugs used in the corresponding disease. Through this integrated approach of learning, students will be able to apply knowledge of the basic sciences and clinical sciences to the management of patients with a gastroenterological or endocrinological disease. The laboratory section of the course will involve recitation with case discussions.

EE 865 IPPE III - Ambulatory Care Credits: 2 Prerequisite: EE 746

The Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience III (IPPE III)- Ambulatory Care provides students with experience in pharmacy practice in ambulatory care pharmacy settings under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist. This course builds on students’ foundational knowledge and skills gained from didactic courses as well as previous IPPE courses. Unlike IPPE I-Community, IPPE III-Ambulatory Care will have an emphasis on management of patients. Students will obtain patient medication histories, assess the appropriateness of medication regimens, and identify drug-related problem for common chronic diseases. Students will utilize the Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process to develop care plan for an assigned patient to provide a continuity of care. Students will learn to empower patients to manage their disease by educating them the importance of health, immunization, wellness, and disease prevention. Within this practice setting, students will also observe and practice professional ethics and behaviors.

AS 866 Judeo-Christian Values in Patient Care-New Testament II Credits: 1 Prerequisites: AS 856

The course series will introduce pharmacy as a ministry of the healing arts and sciences, with a spiritual basis to the approach of contemporary patient care. Also covered are various Christian values, including love and compassion, in providing direct patient care through the study of Biblical principles. The fruits of the spirit will be discussed to empower inter-professional practice.

WINTER PY2

AS 873 Pharmacy Law & Regulatory Affairs Credits: 2 Prerequisites: AS 711, CS 724

This course provides an overview of current state and federal laws that substantially impact the competent delivery of pharmacy care and services in community, interprofessional, ambulatory/clinic, inpatient, administrative, and other key practice settings. Standards, guidelines, rules, requirements, practices, and policies relating to maintaining/improving patient safety and consumer protection are also provided. The laws and professional practice standards of the state of California are emphasized.

CS 871 Integrated Pharmacotherapy V: Neurology & Psychiatry with Lab Credits: 5 Prerequisites: PS 742, PS 743

This course horizontally integrates pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, clinical pharmacokinetics, and pharmacotherapeutics concepts related to neurologic and psychiatric conditions. The pathophysiology of specific disease conditions will be discussed, followed by the respective drugs or drug classes emphasizing structure-activity relationship, mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacological actions on various organ systems, toxicity profiles, contraindications, and drug-drug interactions.

Pharmacotherapeutics will be taught in a sequential and integrative manner to link concepts of medicinal chemistry coupled with the pharmacology of the drugs used in the corresponding disease. Through this integrated approach of learning, students will be able to apply knowledge of the basic sciences and clinical sciences to the management of patients with a neurologic and/or psychiatric condition. The laboratory section of the course will involve recitation with case discussions.

CS 872 Integrated Pharmacotherapy VI: Infectious Disease with Lab Credits: 5 Prerequisites: PS 742, PS 743

This course is a continuation of the Integrated Pharmacotherapy series with a focus on therapies for infectious diseases. This course horizontally integrates pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, clinical pharmacokinetics, and pharmacotherapeutics concepts related to infectious diseases. The pathophysiology of specific disease conditions will be discussed, followed by the respective drugs or drug classes emphasizing structure-activity relationship, mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacological actions on various organ systems, toxicity profiles, contraindications, and drug-drug interactions.

Pharmacotherapeutics will be taught in a sequential and integrative manner to link concepts of medicinal chemistry coupled with the pharmacology of the drugs used in the corresponding disease. Through this integrated approach of learning, students will be able to apply knowledge of the basic sciences and clinical sciences to the management of patients with infectious diseases. The laboratory section of the course will involve recitation with case discussions.

EE 874 IPPE IV - Transitions of Care Credits: 2 Prerequisites: EE 746

The Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience in Transitions of Care provides students with experience in transitional care in hospital pharmacy settings under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist. This course builds on students’ foundational knowledge and skills gained from didactic courses as well as other IPPE courses. Students will conduct medication reconciliation, medication use behavior and history to assess medication adherence, identify high-risk medications, and assist the hospital in transitioning a patient from one setting to another. Students will also ensure patients have access to medications and continuity of care by conducting follow-up telephone calls to discharged patients. Students will also design materials to patients in a comprehensible manner to communicate with patients with low health literacy.

PE 884 Elective I Credits: 2 Prerequisites: None

These are elective courses that will enable the student to further develop areas of professional interest, to expand their understanding of professional opportunities, and to achieve the outcomes of the curriculum. Elective courses offered include but are not limited to: Advanced Topics (in various pharmacy/pharmacotherapy fields), Biotechnology, Independent Research Study, Nuclear Pharmacy, Advanced Practice Management, Patient Advocacy, Pharmacy Leadership, Industrial Pharmacy, Introduction to Drug Development, Grant Writing, Special Issues in Clinical Research.

AS 875 Judeo-Christian Ethics-New Testament III Credits: 1 Prerequisites: AS 856

These courses will explain the principles of behavior and ethics dealing with individual conflict of interest, delivery of patient-centered care, and teamwork relevant to contemporary pharmacy practice from a Biblical perspective.

SPRING PY2

AS 883 Psychosocial Aspects of Health Care Credits: 3 Prerequisites: AS 711, AS 736

This interprofessional education course for pharmacy and nursing students presents an exploration of psychosocial concepts, cultural, and environmental factors relative to professional attitudes, behaviors and dispositions. It is directed toward development of self-awareness, professional responsibility, teamwork, and leadership qualities for functioning as a member of an interprofessional team.

CS 881 Integrated Pharmacotherapy VII: Oncology and Nutrition with Lab Credits: 5 Prerequisites: PS 742, PS 743

This course horizontally integrates pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, clinical pharmacokinetics, and pharmacotherapeutics concepts related to oncology and nutrition support. The pathophysiology of specific disease conditions will be discussed, followed by the respective drugs or drug classes emphasizing structure-activity relationship, mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacological actions on various organ systems, toxicity profiles, contraindications, and drug-drug interactions.

Pharmacotherapeutics will be taught in a sequential and integrative manner to link concepts of medicinal chemistry coupled with the pharmacology of the drugs used in the corresponding disease. Through this integrated approach of learning, students will be able to apply knowledge of the basic sciences and clinical sciences to the management of patients with oncology and/or requiring nutrition support. The laboratory section of the course will involve recitation with case discussions.

CS 882 Integrated Pharmacotherapy VIII: Urology & Reproductive System with Lab Credits: 5 Prerequisites: PS 742, PS 743

This course horizontally integrates pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, clinical pharmacokinetics, and pharmacotherapeutics concepts related to urologic conditions and reproductive system. The pathophysiology of specific disease conditions will be discussed, followed by the respective drugs or drug classes emphasizing structure-activity relationship, mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacological actions on various organ systems, toxicity profiles, contraindications, and drug-drug interactions.

Pharmacotherapeutics will be taught in a sequential and integrative manner to link concepts of medicinal chemistry coupled with the pharmacology of the drugs used in the corresponding disease. Through this integrated approach of learning, students will be able to apply knowledge of the basic sciences and clinical sciences to the management of patients with urologic or reproductive dysfunction/conditions. The laboratory section of the course will involve recitation with case discussions.

PE 913 Elective II Credits: 2 Prerequisites: None

These are elective courses that will enable the student to further develop areas of professional interest, to expand their understanding of professional opportunities, and to achieve the outcomes of the curriculum. Elective courses offered include but are not limited to: Advanced Topics (in various pharmacy/pharmacotherapy fields), Biotechnology, Independent Research Study, Nuclear Pharmacy, Advanced Practice Management, Patient Advocacy, Pharmacy Leadership, Industrial Pharmacy, Introduction to Drug Development, Grant Writing, Special Issues in Clinical Research.

PE 914 Elective III Credits: 2 Prerequisites: None

These are elective courses that will enable the student to further develop areas of professional interest, to expand their understanding of professional opportunities, and to achieve the outcomes of the curriculum. Elective courses offered include but are not limited to: Advanced Topics (in various pharmacy/pharmacotherapy fields), Biotechnology, Independent Research Study, Nuclear Pharmacy, Advanced Practice Management, Patient Advocacy, Pharmacy Leadership, Industrial Pharmacy, Introduction to Drug Development, Grant Writing, Special Issues in Clinical Research.

AS 885 Judeo-Christian Leadership-New Testament IV Credits: 1 Prerequisites: None

These courses will develop skills for pharmacy practice leadership, resource management (including operational and managerial issues), and teamwork relevant to contemporary pharmacy practice from a Biblical perspective.

SUMMER PY3

CS 911 Integrated Pharmacotherapy IX: Dermatology and Rheumatology with Lab Credits: 3 Prerequisites: PS 742, PS 743

This course horizontally integrates pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, clinical pharmacokinetics, and pharmacotherapeutics concepts related to for dermatologic and rheumatologic conditions. The pathophysiology of specific disease conditions will be discussed, followed by the respective drugs or drug classes emphasizing structure-activity relationship, mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacological actions on various organ systems, toxicity profiles, contraindications, and drug-drug interactions.

Pharmacotherapeutics will be taught in a sequential and integrative manner to link concepts of medicinal chemistry coupled with the pharmacology of the drugs used in the corresponding disease. Through this integrated approach of learning, students will be able to apply knowledge of the basic sciences and clinical sciences to the management of patients with dermatologic and rheumatologic conditions. The laboratory section of the course will involve recitation with case discussions.

CS 915 Practice Readiness with Lab Credits: 4 Prerequisites: PS 715, CS 713, CC 852, CS 861, CS 862

This course will provide a review of selected materials encompassing the learning objectives from the didactic years. Students will further refine skills, apply knowledge, and demonstrate the attitudes and values of a healthcare professional. Students also engage in a variety of active learning strategies including Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE) where knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values are assessed and student readiness for Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPEs) is evaluated.

EE 921 APPE I - Acute Care / General Medicine Credits: 6 Prerequisite: EE 746, EE 855, EE 865, EE 874

This course will provide students with advanced pharmacy practice experiences towards achieving competency in the acute care and inpatient/general medicine setting. The course integrates, reinforces, and applies the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values developed in the didactic, IPPEs, and co-curricular activities. Students will be expected to utilize their skills and abilities to provide effective and appropriate patient-centered care. Students will be exposed to patients with a variety of disease states during the rotation.

Students will actively engage in direct patient care activities such as obtaining and recording patient medication history, developing and updating patient therapeutic plans, monitoring lab values, and assessing for drug interactions and adverse drug reactions, and attend rounds as a member of the interprofessional team.

FALL PY3

EE 922 APPE II - Health Systems/ Institution Credits: 6 Prerequisites: EE 746, EE 855, EE 865, EE 874

This course builds on the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values developed in the didactic, IPPEs, and co-curricular activities. Students will be provided with advanced experience towards competency in health systems or institutional pharmacy practice, including management, system use, and direct patient care.

The Students will engage in activities including processing and dispensing of medication orders, performing dosage conversion and pharmacokinetic dosing of medications, conducting antibiotic stewardship, evaluating drug therapy, retrieving and evaluating drug information, consulting with physicians and other healthcare providers, and attending P & T committee meetings. Students will also be exposed to formulary management, monograph preparation, in-service activities, inventory management, therapeutic substitutions, or regulatory affairs audit support.

EE 931 APPE III - Ambulatory Care Credits: 6 Prerequisites: EE 746, EE 855, EE 865, EE 874

This course will provide students with advanced experience towards competency in pharmacist-provided care in ambulatory care settings and working with diverse patient populations. Students will actively participate in the management of common chronic diseases such as chronic heart failure, hypertension, dyslipidemia, anticoagulation and pulmonary diseases (asthma and COPD) in a general or specialized outpatient setting. Students will be expected to utilize knowledge, skills, and abilities learned in prior courses to collect patient-specific information, evaluate and monitor drug therapy appropriateness, develop patient specific care plans, implement, follow up and educate patients or caregivers, and collaborate with other healthcare professionals where applicable.

WINTER PY3

EE 932 APPE IV - Advanced Community Credits: 6 Prerequisites: EE 746, EE 855, EE 865, EE 874

This course will provide students with advanced experience toward competency in the community pharmacy setting. Students will have opportunities to integrate and apply knowledge and skills acquired through didactic, IPPEs, and co-curricular experiences in various patient-centered activities. Students will develop critical thinking and decision-making skills while engaging in pharmacy operations, advanced patient-care services, and patient focused dispensing functions.

These activities will focus on obtaining patient medical history, performing drug regimen reviews and evaluating therapy adherence, counseling patients on appropriate self-care products, delivering immunizations, developing patient care plans with follow-up, and providing education to patients and other healthcare professionals. This course will allow students to explore expanding roles of community pharmacists and prepare them to begin practice upon graduation.

EE 941 APPE V - Elective I Credits: 6 Prerequisites: EE 746, EE 855, EE 865, EE 874

This elective course will provide students the opportunity to further develop experience in areas of professional interest, to expand their understanding of professional opportunities, and to achieve the outcomes of the curriculum. Elective clerkships may include, but are not limited to, areas focused on academia, administration, community outreach, pharmacy entrepreneurship, international practice, long-term care, managed care, nuclear pharmacy, professional organizations, and research. Students may also choose to elect a clerkship in acute care and ambulatory care.

SPRING PY3

EE 942 APPE VI - Elective II Credits: 6 Prerequisite: EE 746, EE 855, EE 865, EE 874

This elective course will provide students the opportunity to further develop experience in areas of professional interest, to expand their understanding of professional opportunities, and to achieve the outcomes of the curriculum. Elective clerkships may include, but are not limited to, areas focused on academia, administration, community outreach, pharmacy entrepreneurship, international practice, long-term care, managed care, nuclear pharmacy, professional organizations, and research. Students may also choose to elect a clerkship in acute care and ambulatory care.