Clinical and Administrative Sciences

AS 711 Professional Ethics (2 Credits)

The course will explain the principles of professional behavior, ethical issues in patient care and teamwork, conflicts of interest, delivery of patient-centered care, and end-of-life care from a a contemporary perspective and incorporating Biblical perspectives.

AS 716, AS 726, AS 856, AS 866 Judeo-Christian Values in Patient Care – Old Testament I, Old Testament II, New Testament I, New Testament II (1 Credit (Each))

The course series will introduce pharmacy as a ministry of the healing arts and sciences, with a spiritual basis to the approach of contemporary patient care. Also covered are various Christian values, including love and compassion, in providing direct patient care through the study of Biblical principles. The fruits of the spirit will be discussed to empower inter-professional practice.

AS 723 Health Care Systems & History of Pharmacy (3 Credits)

This course is designed to give students a history and overview of the American health care system. Discussion includes the role of major drivers in health care (including government, employer groups, HMO’s, hospitals, providers, and payors), market components of prescription drug utilization, information on the assessment systems in health care organizations, and health care information systems.

AS 736 Professional Communications (3 Credits)

This course provides information of the role of the pharmacist related to interaction with other health care professionals and development of leadership and advocacy skills in patient care.  Students will be introduced to the concepts and principles of interpersonal and professional communication required to optimize patient care needs and professional development. Other topics include leadership styles, consensus building, assessments of personal skills and talents, and identification of strategies for personal and professional, life-long learning, and effective problem solving.

AS 737, AS 875 Judeo-Christian Ethics – Old Testament III, New Testament III (1 Credit)

These courses will explain the principles of behavior and ethics dealing with individual conflict of interest, delivery of patient-centered care, and teamwork relevant to contemporary pharmacy practice from a Biblical perspective.

AS 745 Biostatistics & Research Design (2 Credits)

This course covers elementary probability theory, hypothesis testing, analysis of variance, t-tests, Z- and chi-square tests, regression and correlation, nonparametric methods, estimation and confidence intervals, and computer-aided solutions. This course also focuses on application of principles biostatistics to epidemiology, and other parameters relating to drug use benefit, methods for continual monitoring for unwanted effects and other safety-related aspects of drugs will be addressed. In addition, this course is designed to educate students about scientific research and evaluation in education. The course will start with an overview of the scientific and analytical methodologies. The course will discuss how to identify a researchable topic and hoe to progress through each stage of conducting a research project.

AS 747, AS 885 Judeo-Christian Leadership – Old Testament IV, New Testament IV (1 Credit)

These courses will develop skills for pharmacy practice leadership, resource management (including operational and managerial issues), and teamwork relevant to contemporary pharmacy practice from a Biblical perspective.

AS 854 Medical Illustration II ( 3 Credits)

This interprofessional course is a continuation of Medical Illustration I which will introduce the students to art as a form of communication. In addition, this course also provides students the opportunity to understand biblical concepts through drawing.

AS 863 Epidemiology, Public Health & Policy (3 Credits)

This course introduces the students to the basic principles of public health and their application to the development of activities that benefit the health status of populations and its cause-and-effect patterns of health and disease. This course practically teaches the students to advocate for patients and the profession in health care policy. Students will learn what and how public policy can influence health care in general, and resources allocation within the political, economic and social systems.  Students also learn the skills pertaining to decision making in clinical and medical conditions.  The skills of epidemiology, biostatistics, health care planning and policy development, health care administration and community organization are applied to the assessment of public health needs and the development of prevention and control initiatives.

AS 864 Practice Management (2 Credits)

Students will learn about practice management in different settings. Additionally, students will learn the essentials for practice settings that include operations, human resources, finances, logistics, risk management, and development of innovative pharmacy care services. The course will also focus on managerial responsibilities in the health care settings.

AS 873 Pharmacy Law & Regulatory Affairs (2 Credits)

This course provides an overview of current state and federal laws that substantially impact the competent delivery of Pharmacy care and services in community, interprofessional, ambulatory/clinic, inpatient, administrative, and other key practice settings. Standards, guidelines, rules, requirements, practices, and policies relating to maintaining/improving patient safety and consumer protection are also provided.  The laws and professional practice standards of the state of California are emphasized.

AS 883 Psychosocial Aspects of Health Care (3 Credits)

This interprofessional education course presents an exploration of psychosocial concepts, cultural, and environmental factors relative to professional attitudes, behaviors and dispositions.  It is directed toward development of self-awareness as well as development of professional capabilities, responsibilities and leadership.

AS 912 Pharmacoeconomics (2 Credits)

This course introduces students to the basic concepts, terminology, and applications of pharmacoeconomics and its usefulness in making informed decision in health care.  Students will learn types of outcome evaluation and outcome measures, the appropriate uses and applicability of cost-of-illness, cost-minimization, cost-effectiveness, cost-benefit, cost-utility, and decision analyses. Emphasis is placed upon the reading, interpretation, and critical evaluation of different types of published pharmacoeconomic studies in the medical literature.

CS 712 Introduction to Patient Care Process: Health Information Retrieval & Evaluation (3 Credits)

This course provides an overview of the evolution of pharmacy as a distinct profession, moving from focus on the drug to focus on the patient, including clinical care activities, patient interviewing, chart and electronic medical record data extraction, and SOAP writing skills, and the pharmacists’ patient care process.

CS 713 Self-Care Pharmacotherapy & Clinical Chemistry (3 Credits)

This course discusses the concept of self-care and provides an in-depth review of over-the-counter (OTC) medications and OTC point-of-care testing devices. Students will learn how to provide counseling and recommendations regarding self-care to the public. This course also provides students with the basic knowledge of common clinical laboratory values, diagnostic tests, and the influences of common disease states. Students will also learn about interpretation of lab values (including therapeutic drug concentrations) and implications for direct patient care.

CS 724 Pharmacy Practice: Medication Dispensing, Distribution & Administration with Lab (3 Credits)

This course provides an overview to the roles and responsibilities of a pharmacist in general and in various practice settings that involves dispensing, distribution and administration. This course provides knowledge about preparation and dispensing of prescriptions, development and maintenance of patient medication profiles, identification and prevention of medication errors. The importance of leadership and professional development in these processes will be discussed.  During the lab component, student will learn immunization techniques for the administration of vaccines.

CS 732 Health Informatics and Patient Safety (2 Credits)

This course explains the causes of medication errors/systems approaches and human factors in errors. Students will gain a better understanding of strategies for reducing errors and providing pharmacy leadership in medication safety with the use of technology-based systems, including electronic health records. This course provides knowledge about identification and prevention of medication errors, and identification, prevention of drug toxicity, and the distribution systems associated with various types of practice settings.

CS 734 Physical Assessment with Lab (2 Credits)

This interprofessional education course introduces students to methods for obtaining a comprehensive patient history, basic assessment techniques (inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation), medical terminology, and how to recognize abnormal findings, and how to triage and refer patients. After introduction to the methods, students will perform the methods for proficiency.

CS 851 Integrated Pharmacotherapy I: Fluid, Electrolytes and Hematology and Lab (5 credits)

This is the first course in the Integrated Pharmacotherapy series with a focus on fluids, electrolytes and hematology. The series will integrate medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, pathophysiology, clinical pharmacokinetics, and toxicology to examine medical conditions and pharmacotherapy based on organ systems of the body.  Students will learn to integrate and apply knowledge of the basic sciences to the clinical sciences for the pharmacologic treatment of various medical conditions. A portion of the courses will involve lab recitation with case discussions.

CS 852 Integrated Pharmacotherapy II: Cardiology with Lab (5 Credits)

This course is a continuation of the Integrated Pharmacotherapy series with a focus on therapies for cardiovascular conditions.

CS 861 Integrated Pharmacotherapy III: Pulmonary and Nephology with Lab (5 Credits)

This course concludes the Integrated Pharmacotherapy series with a focus on therapies for pulmonary and renal conditions.

CS 862 Integrated Pharmacotherapy IV: Gastroenterology and Endocrine with Lab (5 Credits)

This course is a continuation of the Integrated Pharmacotherapy series with a focus on therapies for conditions encountered in endocrinology and gastroenterology.

CS 871 Integrated Pharmacotherapy V: Neurology and Psychiatric with Lab (5 Credits)

This course is a continuation of the Integrated Pharmacotherapy series with a focus on therapies for neurologic and psychiatric conditions.

CS 872 Integrated Pharmacotherapy VI: Infectious disease with Lab (5 Credits)

This course is a continuation of the Integrated Pharmacotherapy series with a focus on therapies for infectious diseases.

CS 881 Integrated Pharmacotherapy VII: Oncology and Nutrition with Lab (5 Credits)

This course concludes the Integrated Pharmacotherapy series with a focus on therapies used in oncology and nutrition support.

CS 882 Integrated Pharmacotherapy VIII: Urology and Reproductive with Lab (5 Credits)

This course is a continuation of the Integrated Pharmacotherapy series with a focus on therapies for urologic conditions and use in reproductive medicine.

CS 911 Integrated Pharmacotherapy IX: Dermatology and Rheumatology with Lab (5 Credits)

This course is a continuation of the Integrated Pharmacotherapy series with a focus on therapies for dermatologic and rheumatologic conditions.

CS 915 Practice Readiness (2 credits)

This course will provide a review encompassing the learning objectives from years one and two.  The course will prepare the students to take a Pre-NAPLEX exam and to prepare for Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences.

EE 746, EE 855, EE 865, EE 874 Introduction of Pharmacy Practice Experience (IPPE): Community (I and II) and Hospital & Institutional (III and IV) (8 Credits)

The Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences I-IV provides students with introductory, real world experiences in both community and hospital pharmacies. Students will develop basic practice skills for pharmacy workflow, patient care, communication with patients and other health care providers. For each IPPE course, students will spend one day (8 hours) per week at a pharmacy practice site under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist.

EE 921, EE 922, EE 931, EE 932, EE 941, EE 942 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) I-VI (36 Credits)

The Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences consist of six courses (clerkships). Each clerkship is 6-weeks in duration and 40 hours per week. The APPEs are completed in the final year of the Doctor of Pharmacy program. During the APPE clerkships, students will work closely with a licensed pharmacist preceptor (or other licensed health care provider), at a practice site to provide evidence-based, direct patient care. Electives are offered for specialty areas in which pharmacists have a role. Students will interact with other health professionals and their students as member of a multidisciplinary/interprofessional team.

EE 921 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences I (6 Credits )

This APPE clerkship will provide students with advanced experience towards competency in the acute care, inpatient general medicine setting. Students will be exposed to patients with a variety of disease states during the clerkship. Students will be expected to utilize abilities learned previously in the curriculum in order to provide effective and appropriate patient-centered care.

EE 922 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences II (6 Credits )

This APPE clerkship will provide students with advanced experience towards competency in health systems or institutional pharmacy practice, including management, system use, and direct patient care.     

EE 931 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences III (6 Credits)

This APPE clerkship will provide students with advanced experience towards competency in pharmacist-provided care in ambulatory care settings and working with diverse patient populations.

EE 932 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences IV (6 Credits)

This APPE clerkship will provide students with advanced experience toward competency in the community pharmacy setting. Students will be expected to utilize abilities learned previously in the curriculum in order to communicate with patients and providers, collect patient-specific information, evaluate and monitor drug therapy, educate patients or caregivers, and respond to drug information inquiries.

EE 941 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences V: Electives I ( 6 Credits)

This APPE elective clerkship will provide students the opportunity to further develop experience in areas of professional interest, to expand their understanding of professional opportunities, and to achieve the outcomes of the curriculum. Elective clerkships may include, but are not limited to, areas focused on academia, administration, community outreach, pharmacy entrepreneurship, international practice, long-term care, managed care, nuclear pharmacy, professional organizations, and research. Students may also choose to elect a clerkship in acute care and ambulatory care.

EE 942 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences VI: Elective II (6 credits)

This APPE elective clerkship will provide students the opportunity to further develop experience in areas of professional interest, to expand their understanding of professional opportunities, and to achieve the outcomes of the curriculum. Elective clerkships may include, but are not limited to, areas focused on academia, administration, community outreach, pharmacy entrepreneurship, international practice, long-term care, managed care, nuclear pharmacy, professional organizations, and research. Students may also choose to elect a clerkship in acute care and ambulatory care.

PE 884, PE 913, PE 914 Elective I, Elective II, Elective III (2-3 Credits (Each))

These are elective courses that will enable the student to further develop areas of professional interest, to expand their understanding of professional opportunities, and to achieve the outcomes of the curriculum. Elective courses offered include but are not limited to: Advanced Management and Leadership, Advanced Topics (in various pharmaceutical science /clinical pharmacy / administrative science fields), Drug Development, Geriatrics, Grant Writing, Independent Research Study, Health Informatics, Integrative Therapeutics, Medical Spanish, Nuclear Pharmacy, Nutrition, Outcomes Research, Palliative Care, Patient Advocacy, Pediatrics, Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacy Leadership, Research Design, Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses, Special Topics in Health

Pharmaceutical Science

PS 714 Biochemistry with Lab (5 Credits)

This course provides students with a review of functional groups, their properties and function in important biological molecules and drug substances. The structure, physical and chemical properties, biological functions, applicable kinetics, and the metabolic fate of molecules essential to life will be covered with an emphasis on application to pharmaceutical, medical and clinical uses. The laboratory component will provide students with the opportunity to apply classroom knowledge.

PS 715 Pharmaceutical Calculations (3 Credits)

Students will be taught to perform accurate compounding and dosage calculations for solid and liquid dosage forms, injectable medications, and extemporaneously compounded prescription products to ensure the safety and efficacy of patients’ therapy.

PS 721 Pharmacogenomics and Genetics (3 Credits)

This course introduces the students to genetic basis for disease and drug action, the genetic basis for alteration of drug metabolism and genetic basis for individualizing drug doses. The course discusses disaster and bioterrorism preparedness and management strategies.

PS 722 Pharmaceutics & Biopharmaceutics with Lab (5 Credits)

This course discusses the physicochemical principles of dosage forms of different drugs and biological principles of dosage forms. The course will present the principles of drug delivery via dosage forms and principles of dosage form stability and drug degradation in dosage forms is addressed. A focus on the different materials and methods used in preparation and use of dosage forms will conclude the course. The laboratory component will provide students with the opportunity to apply classroom knowledge.

PS 725 Natural Products and Alternative and Complementary Therapies (3 Credits)

This course describes the concepts of crude drugs, semi-purified, and purified natural products and variability of occurrence of pharmacologically active substances in natural products. The course will enable students to conceptualize the functional role of dietary supplements and alternative medical treatments in modern day medicine.

PS 731 Immunology and Medical Microbiology (3 Credits)

This course provides a fundamental background for the human immune system and medical microbiology.  Topics covered include bacterial, viral, and fungal pathogens and parasites; composition and function of the human immune system; responses of the immune system to pathogens and parasites, injury and disease; disorders of the immune system; tumor immunology; transplantation rejection; and clinical application of immunology including therapeutic antibodies, vaccines, and diagnostic tools.

PS 733 Basic Pharmacokinetics (3 Credit)

This course is an introduction to basic principles of in vivo drug kinetics (linear and nonlinear) including: principles of bioavailability/bioequivalence, physiologic determinates of drug onset and duration, drug, disease, and dietary influences on absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion and the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic interface.

PS 735 Extemporaneous and Sterile Compounding with Lab (3 Credits)

This course discusses the drug policy in US Pharmacopoeia guidance on compounding and FDA Compliance Policy Guidelines including techniques and principles used to prepare and dispense individual extemporaneous prescriptions, including dating of compounded dosage forms. The laboratory component will provide students with the opportunity to apply classroom knowledge.

PS 741 Pathophysiology (3 Credits)

This course is designed to teach pharmacy students the principles of pathophysiological concepts and clinical practice guidelines for disease states and their interpretation in the clinical setting.  This course emphasizes the pathological changes of the organ and cellular physiology which necessitates pharmacist intervention.  The course examines the molecular, cellular, tissue, and organ-level basis of the pathophysiological changes leading to human diseases.

PS 742 Pharmacology and Toxicology (2 Credits)

This course discusses practicality of the drugs used for treatments of diseases with adhesive applications of basic principles of pharmacokinetics. There will be discussions of structure activity relationships in relation to drug-target interactions and its chemical pathways of drug metabolism. The toxicology component explains the acute and chronic toxic effect of xenobiotics on the body, including drug or chemical overdose and toxic signs of drugs of abuse. Practical application to toxicological agents will also be discussed.

PS 743 Medicinal Chemistry (3 Credits)

This course covers the basic principles of medicinal chemistry which govern the actions of drugs and the process of drug metabolism and various metabolic pathways, and how the modification of the structure changes the metabolic pathways of the drugs.

PS 744 Medical Illustration I (3 Credits)

This interprofessional education course will introduce the students to art as a form of visual communication.  The focus will be on the fundamentals and theory of drawing techniques with echniques especially on anatomical objects. The course will enable the students to apply a unique mix of skill in project management, understanding of science and breaking medical technologies.