According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 of 3 U.S adults has high blood pressure (HBP). HBP is known as the “silent killer because it is most of the time symptomless until it has made significant harm to the heart and arteries. It is a foremost risk factor for many cardiovascular diseases and health conditions. HBP is a common health issue in the US homeless population with limited data on blood pressure control.

What is the importance of the study?

“This is a cross-sectional survey study. It was approved by the American University of Health Science Internal Review Board (IRB) committee. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of hypertension in the cohort of homeless visiting the above Second Samoan Congregational Church of Long Beach, CA.

When the survey was carried out?

The study was carried out between August 2019- September 2019.

Who were the subjects?

The subjects were homeless adults, 18 years old and above, living in Long Beach Ca and visiting freely the Congregational Church located at 655 Cedar Ave. Long Beach CA 90802. Homeless participants were recruited into the study after the Sunday service at the Congregational Church service led by Pastor Gregory Johnson. Non-English speaking homeless people were excluded from the study. A consent form was provided to each participant before participation in the survey.

What are the short term and long term goals of the prevalence study?

In the short term, we determined the prevalence of hypertension in this cohort of homeless to reduce the death rate of homeless people due to HBP. AUHS pharmacists and medical doctors provided free of cost health education on HBP to the participants during the survey. This work was supported by the American University of Health Sciences Foundation, Signal Hill, CA, USA, grant# IG020719C In a long term, medication adherence study using Morisky Medication Adherence Scale- (MMAS-8), will be used to monitor the HBP of hypertensive mental health homeless for the reduction the health disparities and mortality rate.


  1. Ngo AN, Turbow DJ (2019) Principal Component Analysis of Morbidity and Mortality among the United States Homeless Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int Arch Public Health Community Med 3:025. doi.org/10.23937/2643-4512/1710025
  2. Asgary, R., Sckell, B., Alcabes, A., Naderi, R., Schoenthaler, A., & Ogedegbe, G. (2016). Rates and predictors of uncontrolled hypertension among hypertensive homeless adults using New York City shelter-based clinics. Annals of Family Medicine, 14(1), 41
  3. https://doi.org/10.1370/afm.1882 . https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure

About American University of Health Sciences

AUHS is a Christian based, minority-serving university, which educates students for careers in the healthcare profession. AUHS emphasizes the values of faith in God, love of humankind, and belief that all people have a right to healthcare and deserve a good quality of life based on the wellness of body, mind, and spirit. The university celebrates diversity and reaches out to groups currently underrepresented in healthcare and research. AUHS provides the undergraduate and graduate curriculum, hands-on practical training and supportive environment required to create competent and compassionate healthcare professionals.

American University of Health Sciences is accredited by the WASC Senior College and University Commission (WSCUC), 985 Atlantic Avenue, Suite 100, Alameda, CA 94501, 510.748.9001. WSCUC is a regional accrediting body recognized by the U.S Department of Education (USDOE) and the Council on Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). wascsenior.org

American University of Health Sciences (AUHS) is a member of the Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools (TRACS) [15935 Forest Road, Forest VA 24551; Telephone: (434) 525-9539; e-mail: info@tracs.org], having been awarded Accredited Status as a Category III institution by the TRACS Accreditation Commission on October 24, 2017. This status is effective for a period of up to five years. TRACS is recognized by the United States Department of Education (USDOE), the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA), and the International Network for Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education (INQAAHE). tracs.org